【英会話の九九・テーブル No.6】
●「存在・行為・欲求・付帯状況」などの完了を表すテーブル
  (be動詞・一般動詞の現在完了形)

[GROUP A]
肯定表現
(ずっと)〜は〜です
[GROUP B]
否定表現
〜は〜ではない
[GROUP C]
疑問表現
〜は〜なの?
[GROUP D]
否定疑問表現
〜は〜でないの?

(1)
I have I haven't Have I Haven't I

(2)
We have※ We haven't Have we Haven't we

(3)
You have You haven't Have you Haven't you

(4)
You have※ You haven't Have you Haven't you

--------------------------------------------------------

(5)
He has He hasn't Has he Hasn't he

(6)
She has She hasn't Has she Hasn't she

(7)
They have※ They haven't Have they Haven't they

--------------------------------------------------------

(8)
It has It hasn't Has it Hasn't it

(9)
They have※ They haven't Have they Haven't they

[短縮形について]
   
has not → hasn't, have not → haven't
完了形には、「完了・結果用法」「経験用法」「継続用法」の3つの用法があります。上にあげたのは、「継続用法」の典型的な意味です。

I have been in hospital.「継続用法」 私はずっと入院しています
I have been in hospital before.「経験用法」 私は以前に入院したことがあります

CLOSE